Radiocarbon dating b p

18 Sep

Their deeply impressed designs are similar to those on objects recovered from sites of the El Adam and El Ghorab types of Early Neolithic.Occasional pieces have “dotted wavy line” decoration.There are claims that the Africans domesticated cattle first, which seems unlikely as the DNA from African cattle is pretty much restricted to sub Saharan Africa, with minority contribution in Northern Africa and a little in Portugal , whereas it would have been all over the place if it had been first. I’ve added this item because the appearance of the sheep and goats helps to trace the arrival of the Neolithic revolution into Africa. Extracts from: Are the early Holocene cattle in the Eastern Sahara domestic or wild?Fred Wendorf & Romuald Schild (Evolutionary Anthropology 3(4), 1994) In the early Holocene, the Eastern Sahara had more rainfall, probably between 100 and 200 mm per year in its Egyptian area The rain probably fell during the summer.The Eastern Sahara in Egypt was not an environment that could have supported wild cattle nor one where the earliest domestication of cattle would have been like likely to occur.

A variety of lithic and bone tools occur in these sites, including stemmed points with pointed and retouched bases, perforators, burins, scrapers.

dama) and hare (Lepus capensis); a few bones of jackal (Canis aureus), turtle (Testudo sp.); and birds (Otis tarda and Anas querquedula); the large shell of a bivalve (Aspatharia rubens), probably of Nilotic origin; and various snail shells (Bulinus truncatus and Zoorecus insularis).

After a period of aridity around 8,800 years ago, when the desert may have been abandoned, the area was re-occupied by groups with a lithic tool-kit that emphasized elongated scalene triangles. all of them located in the lower pans of natural drainage basins.

Of the four El Nabta sites that have yielded fauna, two contained bones of a large bovid identified as Bos.

The faunal samples from the other two sites are very small.